royal air force english

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Air-to-ground wireless telegraphy allowed aircraft to be used for reconnaissance and spotting for artillery. Beginning in June 1940 and continuing into the next year, the Battle of Britain was fought in the air and endured on the ground. n the air force of the United Kingdom. Meaning of Royal Air Force in English: Royal Air Force (also RAF) See synonyms for Royal Air Force. noun. RAF Seletar was a Royal Air Force station in Singapore between 1928 and 1971. Royal Air Force, youngest of the three British armed services, charged with the air defense of the United Kingdom and the fulfillment of international defense commitments. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The RAF also participated in the 2011 NATO air campaign in Libya and conducted operations against the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). Vickers Wellington, the main British bomber in the early part of World War II. In this they were partially successful because their low-flying aircraft could not be detected on British radar. The Typhoon is tasked to defend UK airspace, while also frequently deploying in support of NATO air defence missions in the Baltic (Operation Azotize), Black Se… There were, however, delays in the buildup of the force, and eight years later, when Adolf Hitler attained power in Germany, the RAF possessed only 87 squadrons, regular and auxiliary, at home and overseas. The Royal Air Force (sometimes called RAF, its acronym), is the air force of the United Kingdom. The Tornado was retired in 2019 and replaced with the F-35 Lightning, a multirole aircraft also known as the Joint Strike Fighter. Search nearly 14 million words and phrases in more than 470 language pairs. On May 13, 1912, a combined Royal Flying Corps (RFC) was formed, with naval and military wings and a Central Flying School at Upavon on Salisbury Plain. This list of RAF Stations is a list of all current Royal Air Force stations, airfields, and administrative headquarters of the Royal Air Force. Here is the rank structure for commissioned ranks of the Royal Air Force. You Can Buy The Royal Air Force's Impressive Sentinel Radar Planes, But Only In Pieces The Drive 19:15 23-Dec-20. Its most senior rank is usually Air Chief Marshal or General, as you see here. hist. In Europe, US Air Force Brings Back Cold War Mobility Concept Defense One 17:08 23-Dec-20. From. J'étais artilleur de queue à la RAF. arrow_drop_down - Online dictionaries, vocabulary, conjugation, grammar Toggle navigation The Red Arrows, the British Royal Air Force aerobatic team, in formation. Royal Air Force (RAF): The British Air Force. From June 1941 (six months before the United States entered the war) until the end of hostilities, British aircrew were also trained at civilian-operated schools in the United States. Translation for: 'royal air force' in English->Hungarian dictionary. The RAF were very busy during World War II. The bomber force was built up as the strategic deterrent, and by 1966 its main armament consisted of Handley Page Victor B.2 and Vulcan B.2 medium bombers, of which a number were armed with Blue Steel air-to-surface nuclear standoff missiles. British Hawker Hurricane being flown at an air show in Dunsfold, Surrey, England. Definition. The Women’s Auxiliary Air Force (WAAF), a re-creation of the Women’s Royal Air Force (WRAF) of World War I, came into being as a separate service in June 1939, out of the Auxiliary Territorial Service, an army-sponsored organization which had been formed a year earlier and had recruited special air force companies. Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur Tedder developed not only a mobile logistical system but also the technique of leapfrogging squadrons from airfield to airfield so that he always had operational units while others were redeploying. I was a tail gunner for the Royal Air Force. In time this shortfall was addressed with the addition of such planes as the C-17 Globemaster and the C-130 Hercules. royal-air-force definition: Proper noun (Abbreviated as: RAF) 1. RAF Seletar fut une base aérienne de la Royal Air Force (RAF) de 1923 à 1971. The WRAF became a regular service in 1949, and in April 1994 it was merged with the RAF. Not only had the RAF won the battle over Britain, but it had also defeated a project to invade Britain by sea by destroying the barges and landing craft that the Germans had been assembling. Upon the outbreak of World War I, the RFC, possessing 179 airplanes and 1,244 officers and men, sent an aircraft park and four squadrons to France on August 13, 1914. He joined the Royal Air Force in July 1940. The Panavia Tornado, a multirole sweep-wing combat aircraft, entered service in 1979 and would serve as the backbone of British air power for the next 40 years. Over 100,000 French translations of English words and phrases. The specialized aviation requirements of the Royal Navy made it appear, however, that a separate organization was desirable, and on July 1, 1914, the naval wing of the RFC became the Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS), with the land-based wing retaining the title Royal Flying Corps. (There is in fact a rank more senior than Air Chief Marshal or General; this is Marshal of the Royal Air Force [RAF] or General of the Air Force [USAF]. What we do We work with our UK and international partners to watch the skies, respond to threats, prevent conflict, and provide assistance in an uncertain world. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). In the meantime, great air forces were built up in North Africa, Italy, Burma (now Myanmar), and elsewhere. From 1936 onward the aircraft industry received powerful financial aid from the government to enable additional factories to be built to increase production, while many automobile firms turned their works over to the construction of complete aircraft or their components. British Royal Air Force synonyms, British Royal Air Force pronunciation, British Royal Air Force translation, English dictionary definition of British Royal Air Force. Oxford English and Spanish Dictionary, Thesaurus, and Spanish to English Translator Finally, though this did not occur until 1941, the Air Training Corps (ATC) replaced the air defense cadet units and the school air cadet corps of the immediate prewar years. The RAF has many bases across the world, including the UK, Falkland Islands, Cyprus and Gibraltar. The RAF began in 1918[1] when the Royal Flying Corps (spoken as 'core') and the Royal Naval Air Service joined together. √ 100% FREE. Halifax heavy bomber, widely used by the Royal Air Force during World War II. University air squadrons, the first of which had been formed soon after World War I to teach undergraduates to fly and to encourage them to join the RAF as regular officers, greatly expanded their activities. mil. overdog. Isolated bodies of troops in difficult terrain were supplied for protracted periods entirely by parachute. [WW II, member of the female auxiliary corps of the Royal Air Force] [2. [2] The first man to lead the RAF was Hugh Trenchard. Meaning and examples for 'Royal Air Force' in Spanish-English dictionary. During World War II, pilots of the RAF distinguished themselves in the Battle of Britain and conducted a … Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. A Vickers F.B.5 Gunbus, the first production aircraft purpose-built with air-to-air weaponry. royal air force list definition in the English Cobuild dictionary for learners, royal air force list meaning explained, see also 'royal blue',royal family',Royal Highness',royal jelly', English vocabulary Increasing use was made of helicopters, especially for tactical support of the army. Military aviation in the United Kingdom dates from 1878, when a series of experiments with balloons was carried out at Woolwich Arsenal in London. The first steps toward implementing this decision were taken in 1925, when a new command, the Air Defense of Great Britain, was set up, with a proposed ultimate strength of 52 squadrons of fighters and bombers stationed in the United Kingdom. Practical recognition of this fact was given, shortly before the end of the war, by the creation of the Royal Air Force. These were grouped as follows: Fighter Command, concerned with home defense, with a small component detached to the expeditionary force in France until that country was overrun in June 1940; Bomber Command, for offensive action in Europe; and Coastal Command, for the protection of maritime routes, under the operational direction of the navy. The peacetime pattern for the RAF provided for 33 squadrons, of which 12 would be based in the United Kingdom and 21 overseas. The RAF carried out its first independent operations during the closing months of the war in a series of strategic bombardments of targets in France and Germany by a specialized force of heavy bombers. Hitler and Luftwaffe chief Hermann Göring then decided to break the morale of Londoners as they had done to the citizens of Warsaw, Poland, and Rotterdam, Netherlands. These monumental undertakings were reflected by an equally dramatic expansion in numerical strength. Il s'était engagé dans la Royal Air Force en juillet 1940. Many important planes were built for the RAF. An air force is a country's armed force that fights in the air. Updates? 1 Royal Canadian Air Force Squadron, an element of the Royal Air Force's Fighter Command during the Battle of Britain, 1940. When the wartime forces were demobilized in 1945, the total strength of the RAF was reduced to about 150,000. Translate British Royal Air Force in English online and download now our free translator to use any time at no charge. The RAF regiment remained after the war as a regular arm of the service, tasked with securing airfields and providing forward air control personnel to British army and Royal Marine ground forces. It is the oldest air force in the world. Army Cooperation Command was created in 1940 and Ferry Command (subsequently expanded into Transport Command) in 1941. The Auxiliary Air Force, meanwhile, formed captive balloon units to provide protective barrages for heavily populated areas and especially vulnerable points. Translation for 'Royal Air Force' in the free English-Dutch dictionary and many other Dutch translations. Throughout the 1960s and ’70s, Britain’s strategic transport force consisted of Britannias, Belfast long-range freighters, and VC-10 troop transports, each of the last-named capable of carrying 150 men or a number of armoured vehicles. British Royal Air Force Harrier GR7a VTOL (vertical takeoff and landing) airplane at the July 17, 2006, Royal International Air Tattoo, Fairford, Gloucestershire, England. With the rapid deterioration of the international outlook in Europe, expansion was greatly increased and accelerated. WK, Mitglied des Korps der weiblichen Helfer der Royal Air Force ] It possessed 200 operational squadrons and nearly the same number of training squadrons, a total of 22,647 aircraft. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Air Force Ranks. French Translation of “Royal Air Force” | The official Collins English-French Dictionary online. The strength of the RAF in November 1918 was nearly 291,000 officers and airmen. The Avro Lancaster bomber attacked Germany with strategic bombing. A part-time Observer Corps (later the Royal Observer Corps) had been formed some years earlier to give warning of impending attack by enemy aircraft and was now considerably expanded. The Hawk is used to train fast-jet pilots. In many cases, the Royal Air Force rank will be the junior of the three Services, the Royal Navy having seniority over both the Army and RAF. Beginning in March 1940, the RAF began to bomb targets in Germany, and the British strategic bombing campaign against German cities, industry, and infrastructure would continue throughout the war. They normally served under the orders of the local air force commander but were so organized that they could fit smoothly into the army command structure in the face of a widespread enemy threat. On April 1, 1911, an air battalion of the Royal Engineers was formed, consisting of one balloon and one airplane company. Though most of World War II was fought in the air with aircraft powered by piston engines, the last year of hostilities witnessed the entry on both sides of the newly developed jet engine, which by the early 1960s had almost entirely ousted the piston engine in the RAF. The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.It was formed towards the end of the First World War on 1 April 1918 and is the world's oldest independent national air force. With the completion of 'Project Centurion' upgrades, the Typhoon FGR4 took over ground attack duties from the Panavia Tornado GR4, which was retired on 1 April 2019. Translation of British Royal Air Force in English. External links. By the time the war ended, RAF personnel numbered 963,000, with 153,000 women in the WAAF. In addition to the Tornado, the RAF fielded the Eurofighter Typhoon, a delta-wing multirole aircraft that entered service in 2003. Future of the Royal Air Force; Notes References. Instead, Dowding utilized Chain Home, the most advanced early-warning radar system in the world, to dispatch his limited resources to meet threats as they appeared. Above all, Dowding proved that an air force could, contrary to accepted military doctrine, fight a successful defensive battle. Learn more. Member of the No. In 1999 the British military’s battlefield rotary-wing aircraft were gathered under the umbrella of the Joint Helicopter Command (JHC). By 1923 the prospects of permanent peace in Europe appeared less certain, and a substantial increase in air defense expenditure was decided upon. The RAF would conduct operations around the globe throughout World War II, but nowhere was its role more conspicuous than during the Battle of Britain. (In 1949 the WAAF became the WRAF once more.) √ Over 1,500,000 translations. The Royal Air Force fending off German bombers during the Battle of Britain in the summer of 1940. This page was last changed on 30 December 2020, at 18:02. The subsequent deterioration in the international outlook led to a fresh expansion in 1951. United Kingdom Defence … The Royal Air Force was to provide a preliminary bombardment by 250 bombers and close air support thereafter. In Iraq, between 1920 and 1932, the RAF exercised military control of the country with a force of eight squadrons of aircraft and two or three companies of armoured cars. In addition, since the United Kingdom was the main base for operations against the Axis forces and was itself under constant threat of air attack, flying training became virtually impossible there, and great numbers of aircrew pupils were sent to Canada, South Africa, and Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) to receive their training at schools specially established for the purpose. Improve your English and try our online English lessons for free. Royal air force. One other innovation was the formation of the RAF regiment for the protection of aerodromes against enemy attack. The great increase in speed and climb conferred by jet engines pointed to their value in fighters, and it was in this field that reequipment first took place, the early Meteors and Vampires leading on to the Vulcans, Lightnings, and V/STOL (vertical/short take-off and landing) Hawker Harriers of the mid-1960s. In the course of the war, techniques were developed for landing individuals or bodies of troops behind enemy lines by means of parachutes or gliders. At the end of September, Göring, having already lost more than 1,650 aircraft, was forced to change to high-altitude night raids that had limited strategic value. Early in 1942 the RAF bomber command, headed by Sir Arthur Harris, began an intensification of the Allies’ growing strategic air offensive against Germany. By this point, the balloon factory had been renamed the Royal Aircraft Factory, and it undertook the design and manufacture of airframes and engines. The Supermarine Spitfire and Hawker Hurricane helped defend Britain during the Battle of Britain. The RAF has very new planes including the Eurofighter Typhoon, Panavia Tornado and the BAe Systems Hawk. The Gunbus was configured as a “pusher” (the propeller was located behind the engine), as engineers had not yet developed a synchronizing device that would allow a machine gun's bullets to pass between the blades of a spinning propeller. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? These attacks, which were aimed against factories, rail depots, dockyards, bridges, and dams and against cities and towns…, The RAF Bomber Command launched nearly 10,000 sorties in March 1944 and dropped some 27,500 tons of bombs, about 70 percent of this effort being concentrated on Germany; but in the following months its offensive was largely diverted to the intensive preparation and, later, to the…. an air force: a part of a country's military forces which uses aircraft, and fights in the air. √ Fast and Easy to use. Since the prospect of another European war was regarded as remote, the squadrons at home served as a strategic reserve for overseas reinforcement and as service training units for personnel prior to their posting to squadrons abroad. In order to ensure a constant supply of pilots and to build up a reserve, a short-service commission scheme was introduced in 1919. Some years later a medium-service scheme, with 10 years’ regular service followed by a period in the reserve, was introduced as an alternative. Royal Air Force definition: the air force of the United Kingdom | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples It was founded on 1 April 1918, during the First World War, by the amalgamation of the Royal Flying Corps and the Royal Naval Air Service. Royal Air Force commandos training with a Lewis gun during World War II. aviat. The RAF is the oldest independent air force in the world – the first air force to become independent of army or navy control. Despite its reduced size, the RAF remained a potent instrument for projecting British influence across the globe, as demonstrated in wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. Canada, Australia, and New Zealand combined to operate the Empire Air Training Scheme, under which each of them recruited and trained pilots, navigators, and radio operators for service with the RAF.

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